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- A.K.Vidybida, V. Erkızan, O. Altungöz, G.Çelebi.
Testing of nonlinear electrofrictiophoresis in agarose gel.
Bioelectrochemistry 52 (2000) 91-101
Abstract. It was theoretically predicted earlier that if a periodic force without constant component is applied to a particle, then the particle can produce a directed drift in some direction. The effect is named nonlinear electrofrictiophoresis, because it is crucial for its appearance that the friction force depends on the particle's velocity in a nonlinear manner. We test a possibility to observe this effect when a mixture of fragments of DNA (the DNA ladder) moves in the agarose gel. For this purpose, we study the nonlinear characteristics of a DNA ladder movement in the gel. The gels with the ladder were run under various electric field strengths. It was found that the friction coefficient for each DNA fragment in the ladder depends on the migration velocity, suggesting that energy dissipation during migration is a nonlinear function of velocity. This nonlinearity makes the system under consideration suitable for observing nonlinear electrofrictiophoresis. A possible velocity of directed drift under periodic electric drive without constant component was estimated numerically for experimentally observed dependencies of the friction coefficient on velocity. The velocity under periodic field appeared to be comparable with that of migration under a constant field of moderate strength. A possible mechanism of energy dissipation during movement of DNA through the gel is discussed.